Dacryocystitis is an infection of the lacrimal sac located between the inner corner of the eyelids and the nose. It usually manifests with occlusion of the lacrimal duct, which carries tears from the lacrimal sac to the nose. Microbes gather in the occluded lacrimal duct resulting in infections. Dacryocystitis can be acute or chronic.
Regardless of whether it is acute or chronic, the treatment of dacryocystitis depends on the patient’s age and the cause of the infection. Adults are given antibiotics during the acute phase and subsequently undergo dacryocystorhinostomy, a surgical by-pass procedure to create a new drainage route for the transfer of tears from the eye to the nose.